Early Menopause – Turner Syndrome
THE earliest I’ve heard of a girl going through menopause is 17, so this is really very young. It’s also very, very rare.
Premature menopause is any time before 45 and I have seen many women have it in their late 20s to 30s. In cases of Mosaic Turner Syndrome, girls usually start their periods at the normal time but they tend to stop in their 20s, so this case is exceptional.
In Turner Syndrome, the girls are missing one X chromosome and never start having periods. In the Mosaic form only a proportion of their chromosomes are abnormal and this explains why they start having periods.
WHAT IS MOSAIC TURNER SYNDROME (MTS)?
It’s a genetic condition that means a woman is missing the X – or sex – chromosome in some of the body’s cells and it affects sexual development.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
Usually, a woman with MTS would have regular menstrual cycles until her late 20s. It is very rare for periods to stop in the teen or pre-teen years. Women are often shorter than average and can suffer learning difficulties.
WHAT ARE THE TREATMENTS?
Lifelong treatment generally includes hormone therapy. Sufferers are given oestrogen to promote physical development in puberty.
CAN YOU GET PREGNANT?
Yes. But women with this condition must seek expert help and it will be considered a high-risk pregnancy.
IS IT COMMON?
Varieties of Turner Syndrome affect around one in 2,000 female babies.